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Top DHCP Interview Questions and Answers

Author : Saraswati
Last Modified: January 31, 2024 
DHCP Interview Questions and Answers


We go for interviews every now and then, and a little practice and preparation always pay off. So,

  • Are you preparing for a job interview related to microprocessors?
  • Are you looking for DHCP interview questions?

If your answer to these questions is “YES”, then you are at the right place. We have curated a list of the top most asked DHCP Interview questions and answers to help all the budding network engineers. These interview questions are selected by some of the most experienced interviewers and networking industry experts. We hope you get to succeed in your interview with these DHCP interview questions but first, let’s take a look at DHCP.

About DHCP

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) regulates the distribution and usage of IP addresses for networked devices. The Internet is strictly controlled by a set of rules and regulations known as protocols. IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) standards govern all of these protocols.

The importance of these public standards lies in the fact that they guarantee compatibility across devices and software worldwide, regardless of who made them. There is no other protocol quite like the DHCP. It’s a collection of rules that specifies how IP addresses should be requested and distributed throughout a network.

Basic DHCP Interview Questions and Answers

Here are the most asked and must-know DHCP interview questions and answers:

Q1 – Explain DHCP.

DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. It is a network protocol that assigns an IP address to hosts dynamically. It makes administration simpler and functions effectively in both very small and extremely big network setups. Any piece of hardware, even a Cisco router, can function as a DHCP server.

Q2 – How do DHCP works? 


  • Discover: The client discovers the DHCP  
  • Offer: The client is offered some IPs to choose from by DHCP  
  • Request: After selecting an IP, the client requests DHCP to confirm it  
  • Acknowledgement: A confirmation is sent by DHCP by sending a DHCP pack to the client. 

Q3 – What information can a DHCP provide to the Host? 

A DHCP server can provide the following information: –

Q4 – What is the purpose of a DHCP relay agent? 

Any computer that passes DHCP packets between clients and servers when they are not on the same physical subnet is known as a DHCP relay agent. When clients and servers are not on the same physical subnet, relay agents are used to forwarding requests and responses.

Q5 – What is the DHCP decline message?

The client notifies the server via a DHCP decline message that the network address is already in use (already assigned to another device).

Q6 – Can DHCP prevent unauthorized laptops from using a network that uses DHCP for dynamic addressing?

No, DHCP is not capable of distinguishing between a permanent MAC address and the address by the user. So, it cannot stop unauthorized access to a network and cannot control the IP addresses used by users.

Q7 – What is an IP lease?

DHCP provides an IP to a client for eight days only. After eight days, that IP is taken from the client, and they have to ask for new IP from DHCP. This is known as an IP lease.

Q8 – Explain different types of scopes in Windows DHCP.

There are 3 types of scopes in windows DHCP:

  1. Normal Scope — It allows subnet masks, exclusions, reservations and A, B, and C Class IP address ranges. The condition for normal scope is that it should be defined in its subnet.
  1. Multicast Scope — Multicast Scope is used to assign IP address ranges to Class D networks. It doesn’t have subnet masks, reservations, and TCP/IP parameters.
  1. Superscope – A superscope is simply the collection of scopes which are combined and are able to be turned on or disabled as an individual unit.

Q9 – What are the benefits of using DHCP?

There are many benefits of using DHCP for both users and industry professionals. Here are the top benefits of using DHCP:

  • It creates safe and reliable configurations
  • Lesser configuration errors
  • Unique address to all new devices, so there are no address conflicts
  • DHCPs are automatic, so it requires low network administration
  • DHCP has the capability to update itself
  • The administrator can add additional DHCP option types

Q10 – Explain integration between DHCP and DNS. 

The domain name resolution for network resources is provided by DNS servers, which also links a client’s DHCP-assigned TCP/IP address to its fully qualified domain name.

The DHCP and DNS servers used to be configured and managed at different times. So, if an administrator has to change the authorization right for one user on a group of devices, they have to reach both one by one and make the required configuration changes.

Integrating DHCP and DNS allows gathering all these tasks across various devices as one. It enables enterprise networks to scale up with the number of users, devices, or policies while reducing manual operations and costs. This integration also provides operational efficiencies.

If the DHCP server modifies a client’s IP address, the DHCP protocol does not automatically update DNS. Servers using Windows Server(r) 2008 and DHCP and clients running DHCP can register with DNS, enabling collaboration between the two to facilitate this interaction. Name-to-address relationships for the computer are synchronized when DHCP updates IP address information.

These are the basic DHCP interview questions and answers. Let’s take a look at some advanced Interview Questions and Answers on DHCP for experienced Network Engineers.

Advanced DHCP Interview Questions and Answers

Here are some advanced DHCP Interview Questions and Answers for experienced candidates –

Q11 – What Is DHCPInform?

DHCPInform is utilized by DHCP clients for obtaining DHCP parameters. For example, in the case of Windows 98 and 2000, the DHCPInform is utilized to obtain WINS server IP addresses, DNS domain names, and DNS server IP addresses by remote access clients.

However, it is noteworthy that PPP (Public Private Partnership) remote access clients do not rely on DHCP to retrieve IP addresses for the remote access connection. Upon the completion of the IPCP negotiation, the DHCPInform message is transmitted. The DHCPInform message of the remote access server is subsequently forwarded to a DHCP server. When the DHCP Relay Agent is configured, the remote access server solely transmits DHCPInform messages.

Q12 – Can DHCP Support Statically Defined Addresses?

Definitely Yes. Nothing in the protocol prevents it; thus, it should be possible with any DHCP server. The client should continue to function normally, despite this problem on the server’s end. It’s called “manual allocation” in the RFC.

Q13 – What do you mean by APIPA IP address?

APIPA stands for Automatic Private IP Addressing. It is a feature of the Windows operating. In the event that a DHCP server is unable to offer an IP address to a client because it is either down or unavailable, the computer assigns itself an IP address when there is no DHCP server available.

Q14 – What is the DHCPNAK message?

When a DHCP client delivers a DHCP Request, the server responds with a DHCP NAK reply. If a DHCP server receives a DHCP Request, but no matching lease records exist, it will send a DHCP NAK message to the requesting DHCP client. This will indicate that the requested IP address is not accessible.

Q15 – What exactly is IP Reservation?

IP Reservation is a feature that allows you to assign a specific IP address to a device on your network by using its MAC address. This way, the device will always have the same IP address whenever it connects to the network.

IP Reservation is useful for devices that need permanent IP settings, such as printers, servers, or web services. IP Reservation can be configured on your router’s DHCP server settings or on a cloud service provider’s platform.

Q16 – What is DHCP spoofing?

DHCP spoofing is a  feature that is included in Ascend Pipeline ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) routers, which link Ethernets to ISDN lines. This is a small server implementation that provides an IP address to a connecting Windows 95 PC to provide it with an IP number during the connection process.

Q17 – What are the possibilities for a DHCP server to serve as a backup for another DHCP Server?

Leases for distinct addresses may be issued by two or more servers. One of those clients may lease an address from the other if both servers offer a dynamic pool that is available to them both, even if one server is inactive.

But if there is no communication between the two servers to share information on current leases, any client that has a lease with one server will not be able to extend their lease with the other server if one server goes down.

The purpose of the “server-to-server protocol” is to enable this kind of communication. It’s possible that some server providers used their exclusive server-to-server communication to solve this problem.

Q18 – How do you authorize a DHCP server in an active directory open DHCP?

Here are the following steps while authorizing a DHCP server in Active Directory Open DHCP:

  • From the console tree, choose DHCP.
  • From the Action menu, choose “Manage authorized servers.”
  • The “Manage Authorized Servers” dialog box appears. Select “Authorize” from the menu.
  • Click “OK” after providing the IP address or name of the authorized DHCP server when prompted.

Q19 – Is it possible for DHCP to prevent illegal laptops from connecting to a DHCP-based network?

Basically, no, because DHCP is not capable of discriminating between a permanent MAC address and a user-supplied address. Due to this, it does not prevent unwanted network access and cannot manage the IP addresses used by users.

Q20 – Do you know how DHCP and BOOTP(Bootstrap Protocol) deal with numerous subnets?

A BOOTP protocol can be called as a TCP/IP protocol. it enables a client to obtain information from the network server such as the name of a load file and its IP address.

There are two methods for instances where there are various LANs, each with a unique subnet number.

  • Firstly, all the subnet can have their own server.
  • And secondly,  some routers can forward DHCP or BOOTP requests to a server on a different subnet and then forward the responses back to the client. This feature is known as “BOOTP forwarding” on certain routers.

A “BOOTP forwarding agent” is the component of such a server functioning as a router or router that achieves this. Usually, you should activate it on the interface to the subnet to be serviced and configure it with the DHCP or BOOTP server’s IP address.

These are the top DHCP Interview Questions for experienced candidates.


Now we have covered all important DHCP interview questions and answers for both freshers as well as experienced candidates. Learning all these questions will definitely help you in your interview preparation. We hope you like these questions and wish you all the best for your interview. Please do comment in the comment box below to share your valuable feedback.

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