Christmas Offer - Every Learner Must Check Out - Flat 88% OFF on All Access Pass
PyNet Labs- Network Automation Specialists

Firewall and Its Types

Author : PyNet Labs
Last Modified: February 3, 2024 
Different Types of Firewalls Featured Image


Finding the right tools may be difficult for businesses thinking about protecting sensitive information. When it comes to keeping sensitive data safe, every system may benefit from using any number of easily accessible tools. Installing a firewall can prevent unauthorized access to your network and its components. In this Blog, we will focus on firewall and its types, and they assist in securing your network.

Before getting into the details of types of firewalls, let’s first understand what a firewall really is.

What is Firewall?

A firewall is a cybersecurity solution that is used to selectively regulate network traffic by filtering it. Firewalls provide the capability to separate network nodes from both external and internal traffic sources, as well as from particular applications. Firewalls include several forms, including software, hardware, and cloud-based configurations, each showing different advantages and disadvantages.

Purpose of Firewalls

A firewall in computer is used to block the passage of harmful traffic requests and data packets while permitting the flow of legitimate traffic. A Firewall is an integral part of any effective cybersecurity plan for a business. Most PCs already have a firewall installed, but it may not provide enough protection. The question that arises now is how a firewall can ensure our safety. Some of the functions of a firewall have discussed below.

  • It prevents hackers from gaining access to computers.
  • When numerous users are interacting at once, the network is safe.
  • It stops the spread of ransomware.
  • It safeguards sensitive data like Internet banking passwords.

We already understand what is a firewall in computer; below, we have explained the different types of firewalls.

Different Types of Firewalls

Different firewalls may be separated into several groups based on their overall design and function. Firewalls and its types are generally categorized into:

Packet filtering Firewall

One of the earliest and most “basic” types of firewall architecture, It acts as a checkpoint in a network’s routing or switching infrastructure. The firewall does a surface-level inspection of data packets passing through the router, looking at things like the source and destination IP addresses, the packet type, the port number, and so on, but without really opening the packet to see what’s within. If the data packet doesn’t make it through the checkpoint, it is immediately discarded.

Packet Filtering Firewall

These firewalls have the advantage of being quite light on system resources. They are straightforward and have little effect on system performance since they use fewer resources. However, they can be easily bypassed in contrast to firewalls that do a more thorough examination.

Advantages of packet-filtering firewalls

  • Fast and efficient as they require less data.
  • They can easily cover the entire network.
  • Cheap to install and maintain.
  • Minimal impact on network performance due to low data overhead.

Disadvantages of packet filtering firewalls

  • They only examine limited information and do not catch all security threats.
  • Payload spoofing can affect firewall security.
  • Maintaining access within control ledgers can cause problems.

Proxy Service Firewall

Proxy firewalls function at the application layer to efficiently monitor incoming traffic between your computer’s network and the source of the traffic. This is why they are commonly referred to as “application-level gateways.” The firewalls are deployed using either a cloud-based solution or another proxy device. The proxy firewall initiates a connection to the traffic source and continues to examine the incoming data packet, instead of allowing direct connectivity.

The packet and the TCP handshake protocol are both examined by proxy firewalls. It is the same as in a stateful inspection firewall. Deep-layer packet inspections, in which the proxy firewall deeply examines each individual data packet to ensure it is malware-free.

After making sure it’s safe to proceed with the connection, the proxy then passes the packet along. This provides further anonymity and security for your network by hiding the identities of specific devices between the “client” (the system from which the packet originated) and the rest of your network.

Note: Proxy Service firewalls have one major problem: they may significantly slow down the transit of data packets.

Advantages –

  • Proxy firewalls provide higher security due to application-level filtering and teams can take advantage of port information packet content and TCP headers.
  • Firewalls act as web filters and can help security teams locate risky web resources beyond the reach of users.

Disadvantages –

  • Due to high data overhead, the performance of the network space may be affected.
  • Security teams face a high workload while maintaining appropriate filters.
  • Web apps and protocols create compatibility issues.

Stateful Inspection Firewall

This particular type of firewall integrates packet inspection technology and TCP handshake verification to enhance the level of protection beyond what each architecture could individually offer.

Nevertheless, utilizing these firewalls imposes an additional burden on computational resources. The transfer of legitimate packets may experience a decrease in speed when compared to alternative solutions.

Advantages –

  • The amalgamation of both packet inspection and IP probing with contextual data provides higher security than other firewall variants.
  • Helps in threat analysis by collecting data logs.
  • Extended control over network traffic with more options to customize settings.

Disadvantages –

  • Stateful inspection firewalls need high data requirements.
  • The resource overheads of stateful inspection firewalls affect network speed.
  • Difficult to maintain and expensive to implement.

Circuit-level Gateways Firewall

Circuit-level gateways are a type of firewall that is designed to efficiently process and control network traffic by making quick decisions to allow or block it, all while minimizing the utilization of computational resources. Circuit-level gateways operate by verifying the TCP handshake. The purpose of this TCP handshake check is to verify the authenticity of the originating session of the packet.

Although highly efficient regarding resource usage, these firewalls do not perform packet inspection. If a packet contains malware but successfully completes the appropriate TCP handshake, it would effectively bypass any security measures in place. Because of this reason, these types of firewalls don’t provide enough protection to businesses.

Advantages –

  • These are implemented within a budget and are less detrimental to network performance.
  • Easy to manage and adjust.
  • Protects against unauthenticated access requests by enforcing limits on access to authorized devices.


  • Minimal protection from data leaks.
  • Analyse only the identity, not the contents of the packet because they operate at the session layer, not the application layers.
  • There is a strong need for regular patching to keep pace with changing identity rules.

Next-Generation Firewall (NGFW)

Next-Generation Firewalls (NGFWs) are now the most popular form of firewall due to their increased security compared to traditional firewalls like packet-filtering and stateful inspection. An NGFW is a firewall that does deep packet inspection in addition to other capabilities, such as application awareness and control, cloud-delivered threat information, enhanced network visibility, and integrated intrusion prevention.

Advantages –

  • Next-generation firewalls provide deeper protection against malware and viruses as traffic passes through multiple filters before reaching the network.
  • Deep security insights provide information for threat mitigation strategies.
  • Identify threats that other firewalls cannot because these firewalls customize contextual analysis to emerging threats.

Disadvantages –

  • Higher setup and maintenance costs compared to other firewalls.
  • The need to combine SIEM technology and access control to increase effectiveness.

We have thoroughly discussed firewall and its types; below, we have explained in detail the firewall deployment architecture.

Firewalls can be categorized into three categories on the basis of deployment, these are:

Software firewalls

Each computer runs a program called a software firewall, which controls what programs and ports may communicate with each other on a network. One of the major advantages of using a software firewall is its significant utility in establishing defense in depth through the separation of individual network endpoints.

The only issue with these types of firewalls is that not all devices are compatible with a single software firewall.

Advantages –

  • The ability to filter incoming content, not just at the network edge, but on every device, with comprehensive security protection.
  • No expertise in technical networking is required to install them.
  • Software firewalls often come with servers and operating systems.
  • Inexpensive to install and run and easily expanded in on-premises environments.

Disadvantages –

  • Create security gaps or require expensive customization because they are incompatible with network devices.
  • Complex and prone to human error as the software is updated on all network devices during installation.
  • Resources on each device are used by software which degrades network performance.

Hardware firewalls

Hardware firewalls are the physical barriers installed between your network’s gateway and your internal systems. These are highly effective in providing perimeter security. It can be achieved by intercepting any malicious traffic originating from external sources before it can reach the network endpoints of the company. This proactive approach significantly reduces the risk of exposing the network to potential threats.

Advantages –

  • Can be configured to meet specific network conditions.
  • Protect servers or workstations without using resources.
  • Easier to manage updates from a single device.
  • More secure as they are less vulnerable to OS exploits.
  • With a single firewall device, security teams can focus on monitoring data.

Disadvantages –

  • More expensive than software alternatives.
  • These devices are bulky as additional hardware is always required which adds clutter to the office environment.
  • When upgrading, security teams have to patch the firmware or replace the device, which is a challenging task.
  • Companies resist updating firewalls after investing in expanding their hardware because scaling with hardware systems is cumbersome. This also reduced security vulnerabilities over time.

Cloud firewalls

A cloud firewall is a type of network security system that monitors and controls the incoming and outgoing traffic of a cloud-based service or application. The key advantage of cloud-based firewalls is their simplicity in expanding with your company. The cloud server may have more processing power added to it so that it can filter more traffic as your demands increase.

Advantages –

  • Firewalls are located near cloud resources, reducing the need to return data and increasing efficiency.
  • Cloud Firewall is configured by managers from a single device and handles all cloud users.
  • Combines both firewall security and cloud authentication mechanisms by integrating with IAM and SSO portals.
  • Good for small tech companies because cloud firewalls require no installation or hardware.
  • Firewalls become easily scalable as SaaS applications come online.

Disadvantages –

  • Dependence on third parties reduces customization options, resulting in the inability to provide security functions.
  • Customers may also experience availability issues with the Virtual Firewall experience.
  • Subscription payment is expensive.

Advantages of using various types of Firewalls

The first step in ensuring a company’s secure development in the dynamic digital era is realizing the advantages that firewall protection can provide. Some of the advantages are:

  • Monitor network traffic: Firewalls are effective because they are able to monitor network traffic. Firewalls function to secure your systems by constantly monitoring network traffic and applying filters and rules based on that analysis.
  • Eliminating virus attacks: Due to a growing number of data theft and the emergence of criminal activities involving system hijacking, the significance of firewalls has increased. These security measures play a crucial role in preventing unauthorized access by hackers to your data, emails, systems, and other valuable information.
  • Spyware removal: In today’s information-based society, the ability to prevent malware from accessing your systems is a priceless resource. Protecting yourself from harmful software is much easier with a firewall in place.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1 – What is firewall and its type?

Firewalls are a network security tool that may allow or block data packets depending on predetermined policies. They are generally used to safeguard network nodes from unwanted data traffic and applications.

Types of firewalls:

  • Packet-filtering firewalls
  • Proxy service firewalls
  • Stateful inspection firewalls
  • Circuit-level gateway firewalls
  • Next-gen firewalls (NGFW)

Q2 – What are the 3 types of firewalls?

The most common 3 types of firewalls are: Proxy server firewall, Next-gen firewalls (NGFW), and Stateful inspection firewall.

Q3 – Which type of firewall is best?

Proxy or next-gen firewalls are among the best as they are the most secure firewall compared to all others.

Q4 – What are the uses of firewalls?

Common uses of firewalls are:

  • Protecting devices from unauthorized access by hackers, malware, or other threats
  • Preventing data leakage or theft by restricting outbound traffic
  • Enforcing network policies and compliance by filtering traffic based on protocols, ports, applications, or users


When a computer is linked to the internet, it needs additional security measures, such as a firewall. It is crucial to maintain system security in order to protect from cyber threats and hackers. In this blog, we have explained firewall and its types and advantages that they can provide for better security.

Recent Blog Post

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram